Kids tend to be a little mischievous at times and this can lead to many injuries or illnesses among them. You might also come across children with various other health issues and being prepared for some of these common injuries and illnesses is always a good measure.
One of the most common occurrences in the schoolyard is cuts and scrapes. It is always better to have a variety of bandages and gauze sponges stocked up. This way the cut or the bruise can be easily dressed up. If the cut is too deep and there is a risk of blood loss, apply pressure on it to stop the blood flow and call an ambulance. Having the teachers in the school to follow a first aid refresher course would be useful as this helps to avoid and/ or manage emergencies.
This situation is especially common among young kids. So if you are teaching in a kindergarten or a primary school this is something you should not forget about. If a child shows signs of choking, calmly ask him/ her to cough to remove the object. In case this doesn’t work, give a sharp back blow between the shoulder blades. Try this for five times and then shift to chest thrusts. Place one hand on the back, and another on chest. Thrust the chest with your hand five times. Alternate between back blows and chest thrusts. If still you cannot remove the object immediately call for an ambulance.
Kids love to play in water. But there are instances where this can get out of hand. If you see a kid drowning the first thing to do is get him/ her out of the water as soon as possible. Place them on a flat surface and begin rescue breathing. If you have followed a CPR course Adelaide this is the best time to use your skills. If you do not know how to perform it, quickly call for help. Continue with artificial breathing even if the child is unresponsive, till a medic takes over.
If a kid is unconscious open their airway and check for breathing. If they are not breathing the next step is to call an ambulance. Try to give artificial breathing till an ambulance arrives. A stop in breathing suggests that you need to get the heart pumping again so apply around 30 chest compressions. In case the child is unconscious but is breathing, put them in recovery position. For this, roll the child carefully on to your side and bend the top leg so both knee and hip are in right points. Smoothly tilt the head back to keep the airway exposed.
This is a common illness among young kids so it is important for the teachers and sports instructors to know the kids who are easily prone to an asthma attack. The signs of an asthma attack are coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath. If the child is unconscious, guide them to at ease sitting point and provide 4 puffs of an asthma nebulizer. You need to repeat the nebulizing treatment till medics or an ambulance arrives. Give one puff at any given moment, with 4 breaths after each puff. Children are more prone to these accidents or illnesses due to their adventurous nature. It is important for teachers to know these tips in order to help the kids and act carefully in an emergency.